Computer Aided Engineering is one of the newly-developed engineering disciplines and is also at the forefront of modern technology innovations. Computer Aided Engineering program at Eastern Michigan University places a strong emphasis to prepare engineers with competent backgrounds in the engineering principles and utilize the computer-based tools and techniques for all engineering functions and processes.
Reconstructing Europeans' genetic evolution through computer simulations and heterochronous molecular data Project scope When and how was constituted the genetic pool of European populations? Despite the accumulation of many genetic and genomic data, the genetic history of the European continent is still poorly understood, partly because data on past populations are fragmented and heterochronic.
This project contributes to this area of research by developing new methods of data analysis, by computer simulations and integration of different information sources genetics, genomics, environment, archeology. What were the interactions between early modern humans Homo sapiens who arrived on the European continent and their Neanderthal contemporaries?
What has been the impact of climate changes on the distribution and genetic diversity of hunter-gatherers living in Europe? The rapid development of laboratory techniques has produced huge genetic databases for human populations currently living around the globe and even full genomes.
In addition, it is now possible to extract DNA from fossil bones from prehistoric era if the conditions of preservation of those remains are good enough. However, despite the accumulation of these data, the genetic history of the European continent is still poorly understood.
The development of methods of analysis does not follow the pace of data production. In particular, there are very few methods to jointly analyze contemporary and ancient DNA heterochronyand none in a realistic framework that takes into account the geographical distribution of populations and migration, both of which have played a very important role in determining the genetic structure of human populations.
This project aims to develop and use new approaches by computer simulations of complex models that incorporate these different features. Computer simulations are used to study the effects of different waves of migration in Europe, including the emergence of modern humans.
Ancient DNA extracted from fossilized bones eg Neanderthals are analyzed to extract information about the population history of Europe. The study of how specific genetic variant may spread in populations over time could be applicable to disease-causing genes in a second time.
In addition, the project also has a historical significance as it aims at better understanding the evolution of European populations since the arrival of Homo sapiens on this continent and their relationships with related species such as Neanderthals. Finally, it is relevant to evolution in general, as well as ecology and conservation genetics, since the methods developed can be extended and applied to other issues and other organizations e.
To what extent the Neolithic transition has involved the arrival of farmers from the Middle East and therefore the integration of their genes? What are the events subsequent to the Neolithic that have significantly influenced the genetic structure of European populations?
This interdisciplinary research plan includes national and international collaborations, including the universities of Freiburg and Mainz Germany.
Project main innovations Computer simulation of complex and realistic evolutionary processes Integration of different information sources genetics, genomics, environment, demography, archeology into the models.
Combined analysis of genetic and genomic data from ancient and contemporary human populations. Use of the most modern statistical methods for analysis and estimation of parameters, such as "Approximate Bayesian Computation" ABC.
Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. Trends in Genetics, 28 10 Currat M, Excoffier L. Excoffier L, Currat M. Shunkov, Russian Academy of Sciences, International Conference on Recent Innovations in Computer Science and Information Technology ICRICSIT will be held in Mumbai, Maharashtra during April 23rd, ICRICSIT is Organized by SciencePlusS in association with Institute of Research and JournalsIRAJ.
Top 30 Innovations · Computer Science · Lafayette College. initiativeblog.com The list is presented below, with the innovations directly attributable to computer science in bold. These innovations are the technologies that computer scientists had a direct hand in developing.
Since , the MIT Technology Review has released their list of the 10 most important technological innovations that emerged each year.
This video features highlights from the first day at the HiPEAC conference, which took place last week in Manchester. HiPEAC is the premier European forum for experts in computer architecture, programming models, compilers and operating systems for embedded and general-purpose systems.
Storage is virtually free: The hard disk drive (HDD) was first invented by IBM engineers in to provide storage for its System computer. That hard drive included 50 inch magnetic platters, was the size of two refrigerators, and held just five megabytes of data.
The world has seen the changes in computer technology since the beginning of the computer and computer generation. Computer generation is changing at a very rapid speed.
There are lots of products of the Innovation in Computer Science Technology and Industry.