Therapies that have proven to reduce microvascular and macrovascular complications will need to be assessed in light of the newly identified comorbidities. Lifestyle change has been proven effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals.
Chronic disease prevalence Life Expectancy with International Comparison Life expectancy is a summary mortality measure often used to describe the overall health status of a population. Life expectancy is defined as the average number of years a population of a certain age would be expected to live, given a set of age-specific death rates in a given year.
Healthy People monitors 2 life expectancy measures: Life expectancy at birth Life expectancy at age 65 International Comparison of Life Expectancy Life expectancy is one of the most commonly used measures for international health comparison.
Inthe United States ranked 27th and 26th out of 33 countries within its peer group of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD countries for life expectancy at birth for females and males, respectively. Healthy Life Expectancy Healthy life expectancy is the average number of healthy years a person can expect to live if age-specific death rates and age-specific morbidity rates remain the same throughout his or her lifetime.
Thus, healthy life expectancy is a snapshot of current death and illness patterns and can illustrate the long-range implications of the prevailing age-specific death and illness rates. The measure allows for easy comparisons across populations and over long periods of time.
Healthy People tracks healthy life expectancy using 3 measures: Expected years of life in good or better health Expected years of life free of limitation of activity Expected years of life free of selected chronic diseases Back to Top Years of Potential Life Lost with International Comparison YPLL is a summary measure of premature mortality early death.
It represents the total number of years not lived by people who die before reaching a given age. Deaths among younger people contribute more to the YPLL measure than deaths among older people. YPLL is based on the number of deaths at each age up to some limit. For example, in the United States, the age limit is often placed at 75, so people who die before age 75 are defined as having lost some potential years of life.
For the 31 OECD countries for which recent data were available, the United States ranked 29th for females and 27th for males. In the United States, cancer is the second leading cause of death but accounts for the largest YPLL perfor both males and females.
Deaths from motor vehicle accidents are the second leading cause of YPLL for both sexes. Physically and Mentally Unhealthy Days Physically and mentally unhealthy days measure the number of days in the past 30 days that individuals rated their physical or mental health as not good. Inindividuals in the United States reported on average 3.
Physically unhealthy days increased with age. Inadults ages 18 to 24 reported an average of 2. Mentally unhealthy days decreased with age. Inadults ages 18 to 24 reported an average of 4. Back to Top Self-Assessed Health Status Self-assessed health status is a measure of how an individual perceives his or her health—rating it as excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor.
Self-assessed health status has been validated as a useful indicator of health for a variety of populations and allows for broad comparisons across different conditions and populations.
Self-assessed health status varies by age. Sincein the National Health Interview Survey, limitation of activity has been assessed by asking people about their limitations in: Back to Top Chronic Disease Prevalence Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in the United States, causing 7 out of 10 deaths each year.Demographic Characteristics of Included Study Participants in Meta-analysis of Diabetes and Hypertension Prevalence in Homeless Adults in the United States, – When we plotted the mean ages of the samples over time, after we excluded studies targeting older adults (Figure 2), we observed a statistically significant aging trend (P.
The United States Census Bureau provides data about the nation’s people and economy. Every 10 years, it conducts the Population and Housing Census, in which every resident in the United States .
Diabetes Data and Statistics, the Web publication of the US Diabetes Surveillance System, provides resources documenting the public health burden of diabetes and its complications in the United States. Diabetes Data and Statistics, the Web publication of the US Diabetes Surveillance System, provides resources documenting the public health burden of diabetes and its complications in the United States.
Type 2 diabetes is a major health concern in the United States and globally. Diabetes affects over 9 percent of the population in the U.S., and 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. Deaths: Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in , with 79, death certificates listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of , death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.