Personality theories and models - introduction Behavioural and personality models are widely used in organisations, especially in psychometrics and psychometric testing personality assessments and tests. Behavioural and personality models have also been used by philosophers, leaders and managers for hundreds and in some cases thousands of years as an aid to understanding, explaining, and managing communications and relationships. Used appropriately, psychometrics and personality tests can be hugely beneficial in improving knowledge of self and other people - motivations, strengths, weaknesses, preferred thinking and working styles, and also strengths and preferred styles for communications, learning, management, being managed, and team-working.
If you are like me, you have asked yourself, "Why did they do that? Everyone is not like you! Have you ever said the same thing to two people and received two totally different reactions? How can saying the same words produce such different results?
You said the same thing, but what they "heard" was different. Different is not bad, it is just different! A lack of understanding of ourselves and others can lead to real problems such as tension, disappointment, hurt feelings, unmet expectations and poor communication. As you know, it is hard to work with a problem, especially if you do not understand what is going on inside the mind of another person.
The good news is that there is a simple key to understand how people behave and how they are motivated. You will be able to use what you learn in this introduction to reduce conflict, improve productivity and relate with others more effectively.
Some Background on the DISC Model of Human Behavior Twenty-four hundred years ago, scientists and philosophers, most notably Hippocrates, began to recognize and categorize differences in behavior that seemed to follow a pattern.
Since then, many psychologists and scientists have explored behavioral patterns. Marston theorized that people are motivated by four intrinsic drives that direct behavioral patterns.
He used four descriptive characteristics for behavioral tendencies which are represented by four letters of the alphabet: The concept was so revolutionary in my own family that I began my own research.
Since then I have trained thousands of people and written many books on the subject. No one is more passionate about what I am sharing with you than I am, because these are the very concepts that changed my life!
Building on a "Wellness" Model Many behavioral models focus on what is wrong with a person to identify "personality disorders. DISC is a "wellness model" that is objective and descriptive rather than subjective and judgmental.
Therefore, DISC is a practical way to understand yourself and those around in the common settings of everyday life. Healthy, positive relationships come from having an accurate understanding of yourself and others.
DISC is a powerful tool for obtaining a new appreciation for our personality styles and their effect on our everyday lives.
We apply the DISC personality model with four main ideas that allow it to be used appropriately as an effective and encouraging tool: We recognize that each person has a unique blend of ALL the major personality traits to a greater or lesser extent.
We recognize that behavioral patterns are fluid and dynamic as a person adapts to his or her environment.The Four Basic Personality Types When I was young I always took those personality quizes in magazines; you know the ones, "What type of friend are you?", What type of boyfriend should you have?" Then again I read the horoscopes and did my numbers so why not believe all of tha.
Developing different medical theories, Hippocrates searched and identified 4 basic personalities that affect human personality traits and behaviors.
These are commonly referred to as the Four Temperaments. For Hippocrates, the four temperaments had to do with culture, health and understanding the reasons for different behaviors among mankinds.
The Patterns of Personality Type Graphic representations for all 16 personality types illustrating the orientation of the four mental functions or mental processes - the two that are shown by the 4 letter type code and the two that are hidden.
Understanding the 4 Personality Types The approach taken by the Hire Success System is that each person is a unique combination of all Four Personality Types. Rather than put descriptive "labels" on people, we chose to keep it simple and refer to the various personalities as "A", "B", "C" and "D".Founded Location: Indianapolis, IN.
We have previously reviewed the four defining features of personality disorders. These are: 1) Distorted thinking patterns, 2) Problematic emotional responses, 3) Over- or under-regulated impulse control, and 4) Interpersonal difficulties. These four core features are common to all personality. A personality test is a method of assessing human personality constructs.
Most personality assessment instruments (despite being loosely referred to as "personality tests") are in fact introspective (i.e., subjective) self-report questionnaire (Q-data) measures or reports from life records (L-data) such as rating scales.
Attempts to construct actual performance tests of personality .