Publications Key facts on food loss and waste you should know! Roughly one third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year — approximately 1. Industrialized and developing countries dissipate roughly the same quantities of food — respectively and million tonnes.
Some food is obtained directly from plants; but even animals that are used as food sources are raised by feeding them food derived from plants.
Cereal grain is a staple food that provides more food energy worldwide than any other type of crop. Some foods not from animal or plant sources include various edible fungiespecially mushrooms. Fungi and ambient bacteria are used in the preparation of fermented and pickled foods like leavened breadalcoholic drinkscheesepickleskombuchaand yogurt.
Another example is blue-green algae such as Spirulina. Herb and spice Many plants and plant parts are eaten as food and around 2, plant species are cultivated for food. Many of these plant species have several distinct cultivars.
In fact, the majority of food consumed by human beings are seed-based foods. Edible seeds include cereals cornwheatriceet ceteralegumes beanspeaslentilset ceteraand nuts.
Oilseeds are often pressed to produce rich oils - sunflowerflaxseedrapeseed including canola oilsesameet cetera. However, not all seeds are edible. Large seeds, such as those from a lemonpose a choking hazard, while seeds from cherries and apples contain cyanide which could be poisonous only if consumed in large volumes.
Many plants and animals have coevolved such that the fruits of the former are an attractive food source to the latter, because animals that eat the fruits may excrete the seeds some distance away.
Fruits, therefore, make up a significant part of the diets of most cultures. Some botanical fruits, such as tomatoespumpkinsand eggplantsare eaten as vegetables.
Vegetables are a second type of plant matter that is commonly eaten as food. These include root vegetables potatoes and carrotsbulbs onion familyleaf vegetables spinach and lettucestem vegetables bamboo shoots and asparagusand inflorescence vegetables globe artichokes and broccoli and other vegetables such as cabbage or cauliflower.
Meat is an example of a direct product taken from an animal, which comes from muscle systems or from organs.
Food products produced by animals include milk produced by mammary glandswhich in many cultures is drunk or processed into dairy products cheese, butter, etc.
In addition, birds and other animals lay eggswhich are often eaten, and bees produce honeya reduced nectar from flowers, which is a popular sweetener in many cultures. Some cultures consume bloodsometimes in the form of blood sausageas a thickener for sauces, or in a curedsalted form for times of food scarcity, and others use blood in stews such as jugged hare.
Vegetarians choose to forgo food from animal sources to varying degrees. Vegans do not consume any foods that are or contain ingredients from an animal source. Classifications and types of food Broad classifications are covered below. For regional types, see Cuisine. Adulterated food Main article: Adulterated food Adulteration is a legal term meaning that a food product fails to meet the legal standards.
One form of adulteration is an addition of another substance to a food item in order to increase the quantity of the food item in raw form or prepared form, which may result in the loss of actual quality of food item.
These substances may be either available food items or non-food items. Among meat and meat products some of the items used to adulterate are water or ice, carcasses, or carcasses of animals other than the animal meant to be consumed. Camping food Camping food includes ingredients used to prepare food suitable for backcountry camping and backpacking.
The foods differ substantially from the ingredients found in a typical home kitchen.Food Resources The 3 major sources of food for humans are: the croplands, the rangelands and fisheries. The croplands provide the bulk amount of food for human. In need of food? Find up-to-date information below on valuable food resources in the Philadelphia area.
If you need to find a food pantry or soup kitchen in your neighborhood, visit our Food Pantry Map or call us at The FNS Office of Food Safety develops education, instruction and technical assistance resources for individuals working in federally funded nutrition assistance programs such as the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), and Summer Food Service Program (SFSP).
Oct 11, · The food resources are a composite of the goods (the foodstuffs) and the services in commerce and distribution through which these are made available for consumption.
It is easy to overemphasize the goods, to undervalue the initiativeblog.com: Alonzo Englebert Taylor. The Food Bank of South Jersey is an important source of food for charitable feeding programs, accounting for 75% of the food used by pantries, 57% of the food used by soup kitchens, and 48% of food needed at homeless shelters.
Dec 12, · The world is projected to hold nearly 10 billion people by Sustainably feeding this exploding population requires meeting three great needs simultaneously.
According to WRI research, the world will have to close a gap of 56 percent between the amount of .