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It's about a broad social justice agenda that addresses economic and social barriers to equality.
The Case For National Action. His conclusion, however, is based on a fundamental misunderstanding of the document's critiques. The Moynihan Report's faults lie not with its assertion that family stability is desirable, nor with its documentation of an increase in single-parent households, but with its insistence that family structure and Black "pathology" are primary drivers of poverty and inequality.
This privilege-defending and inaccurate cultural narrative, however it was intended, implies that poor people of color are to blame for the effects of institutional racism and classism and diverts attention away from the real causes of inequity. Those who denounced the Moynihan Report for that reason didn't "blow it;" in fact, they presciently predicted how the report would be used to justify the false claim that "lifestyle issues" are the root cause of poverty.
The real mistake is made not by people who recognize that connecting all types of families to money, basic necessities and power is the best way to help them overcome hardship, but by those who continue to lend credence to the idea that the decline of traditional families has drastic consequences.
The lone piece of evidence Kristof cites in support of his claim that single-parent households lead to poor outcomes for low-income children is " an essay by Sara McLanahan of Princeton and Christopher Jencks of Harvard" in the March issue of EducationNext.
While Kristof correctly notes that McLanahan and Jencks suggest that "growing up with just one biological parent reduces the chance that a child will graduate from high school by 40 percent," he fails to discuss the broader context that calls his thesis into question.
First, the review McLanahan and Jencks cite a review published by McLanahan and two colleagues inthough the fact that McLanahan authored it is not mentioned in her and Jencks's essay found smaller associations or no relationship between family structure and other outcomes for children.
As McLanahan and Jencks note about the review's other findings regarding education, for example: The absence of one's biological father has not been shown to affect a child's verbal and math test scores The evidence for other indicators of educational performance, such as high school grades, skipping school, and college aspirations, is mixed, with some studies finding that father absence lowers school attendance and aspirations and others finding no effect.
Second, McLanahan et al themselves acknowledge that the relationships they do find may not be causal; the researchers write that "family disruption is not a random event For instance, while poverty levels in the United States remain far too high, they have fallen significantly over the past 50 years, in large part due to the safety net.
If family structure were, as Moynihan contended, "the principal source of most of the aberrant, inadequate, or antisocial behavior that did not establish, but now serves to perpetuate the cycle of poverty and deprivation" a contention that highlights the absurdity of Kristof's argument that "liberal denunciations of Moynihan were terribly unfair"this reduction in poverty would not have happened, as the number of "non-traditional" families has exploded during this time period.
Third, and most significantly, little research explores more plausible causal explanations for the relationship between economic and social disadvantage and family structure. It may very well be the case that the hardships associated with poverty make traditional families less likely, or that many of the factors that contribute to poverty and inequality also disrupt family stability.
Survey data suggests that these alternate interpretations are more likely to be accurate than Kristof's; if non-traditional households were a cause rather than an effect or merely a correlate of disadvantage, we'd expect more support for traditional family structure among more advantaged individuals.
The reverse is true, however; a study of survey results in noted that, "relative to higher income respondents, low-income respondents held more traditional values toward marriage, had similar romantic standards for marriage, and experienced similar skills-based relationship problems.
Wanting children to grow up in stable households is of course a laudable goal, but the evidence indicates that achieving household stability is not about culture, preferences, or a particular type of family structure. Instead, it is about a broad social justice agenda that addresses economic and social barriers to equality.
On some level, Kristof recognizes that direct means of addressing economic and social disadvantage should be the focus of anyone interested in "helping American kids. To the extent that Kristof is advocating for this set of ideas, he is absolutely right to do so.
But the general thrust of Kristof's piece, like the narrative in the Moynihan Report before it, undermines the fights for racial and class equality. In the future, the report's defenders would do better to stop castigating the activists who disagree with them and start listening to and reflecting on advocates' legitimate concerns.Narrative essay on skipping school, Get creative with your narrative essay topics!
Learn the narrative definition and look at examples to sharpen up your narrative writing style. Open Document.
Below is a free excerpt of "Narative Essay About Skipping" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Unforgettable Experience Essay Examples. 4 total results. An Introduction to the Creative Essay on the Topic of an Unforgettable Experience A Truly Memorable and Unforgettable Experience.
1, words. 4 pages.
Narrative Essay on An Unforgettable Experience. words. 1 page.
My Unforgettable Experience at the Marching Band . 5 Fascinating and Unusual Descriptive Essay Topics about Experiences You’ve likely graduated from kindergarten, middle school, and maybe even high school.
You might be tempted to write about this experience, but unless it was truly unique, consider skipping those boring ideas and go with a more unusual topic like one of the five listed here.
Skipping class is pointless when you have to pay for it. Students are wasting their money by skipping class. Many students skip class for various reasons, but they don't realize the consequences of missing class such as they may miss valuable information, get a zero on an assignment, or fail the class.
Skipping School Narative Essay. Lan Ha Narrative essay (final draft) My Favorite Childhood Memory In modern life,people do not believe in miracles anymore because life is not a fairy tale,and there is not a fairy godmother who magically appear when they need help.
However,my childhood story can prove an opposite thing. It was the most memorable time that I cannot forget at the end of my life.