Look at the wings while they are folded up.
The spaceship-styled jet sports the hammer and sickle of the Soviet Union on its giant The anglo french concorde project.
It is the Tupolev Tu, the communist Concorde, and the first passenger aircraft to fly more than twice the speed of sound. Its first flight comes three months before Concorde takes to the air. InSoviet Premier Nikita Khrushschev was made aware of a new aircraft project being investigated by Britain and France to help revitalise their aircraft industries.
That passenger aircraft — Concorde — was designed to fly at supersonic speeds, cutting the time it would take to fly from Europe to the US to just a few hours. Two years later, the British and French signed an official deal to begin design and manufacture.
Around the same time, supersonic transport SST projects from planemakers Boeing and Lockheed were also given the go ahead. View image of Pilot climbing into MiG Credit: Science Photo Library The Soviets realised they had no time to lose.
With fighter planes like the MiG and the American F already capable of flying at twice the speed of sound, supersonic travel seemed a possible — if challenging — task.
View image of Tupolev Tu Credit: The Tu project became something that had to succeed, regardless of the effort required to bring it.
And in the s — with so much of the Soviet technical resources thrown into the space race — that was not inconsiderable, according to Kaminski-Morrow. Alamy Several problems soon came to plague the Tu It was a project perhaps 10 to 15 years ahead of what the Soviet aviation industry was capable of at the time.
Two of the main areas where the Tu lagged behind were brakes and engine control. Concorde pioneered some truly bleeding-edge technologies, not least with its brakes. But the Russians were not able to mimic this design.
An even bigger problem was the engine. Concorde was the first passenger aircraft to have a flight-vital part of its system completely controlled by a computer — it would constantly change the shape of the air inlets to ensure the engines were operating as efficiently as possible.
View image of Concorde at an air show Credit: Science Photo Library And Concorde also had a flight control system that could adjust, ever so slightly, the shape of the wing to reduce drag as it flew at supersonic speeds. Aware that Concorde was slowly but methodically taking shape, the Soviet Union poured more and more resources into the Tu It is something of a testament to the Tupolev design bureau — and the teams from engine designers Kuznetsov and Kolesov, who both built powerplants for the ambitious new airliner — that amid the enormous effort to match the American space programmes, they still managed to build such a plane.
Compared to Concorde, the Tu was much bigger. It was over ft 67m in length — around 12ft 3.
The Tu was less aerodynamic — just slightly, but these things are critical — Jock Lowe But while the Tu was more powerful, it also took more effort to get into the air.
Empty, the Tu weighed a few hundred kilograms under tonnes — more than 20 tonnes heavier than an empty Concorde. Part of this was due to the enormous undercarriage.
Concorde had two wheels at the front, and two sets of four wheels underneath the wings. View image of Tu in flight Credit: The Tu first took off in Decemberand flew supersonic for the first time in June Concorde would not take to the air until Marchand did not go supersonic until October of that year.
The Soviets had won a major diplomatic coup — but they soon encountered a series of headaches trying to get the nearly tonne airliner into service. The Tu also needed to be more rugged to cope with tougher operating conditions.
Although espionage played a role in the Tu's development, the Soviets were still capable of exploring their own avenues to solve the multitude of technical problems thrown up by the project.
The result was an aircraft which broadly resembled Concorde but which differed substantially in refinement and detail. Tupolev flew the second of their production models to the airshow, pitting it head-to-head against a prototype Concorde already carrying out public flying displays at this stage, the Western design was still waiting to go into production.
The rivalry among the two supersonic airliner teams was immense. The Tu took off, then approached the runway as if to make a landing, with its nose drooped and its undercarriage down — then climbed rapidly, with its engines at full power.
Seconds later, it pitched over, broke up in the air and dived into a nearby village. All six of the crew and eight people in the village were killed. Others said the cloudy conditions might have confused the crew. View image of Tu on runway Credit:The noise problem has dogged aeronautical innovators looking to create a follow-up to the Anglo-French Concorde project since the aircraft retired in The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde (/ ˈ k ɒ n k ɔːr d /) is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from until It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound at Mach (1, mph or 2, km/h at cruise altitude), with seating for 92 to passengers.
First flown in , Concorde entered service in and continued flying for. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from initiativeblog.com This would be the same issue that would affect Concorde.
Dozens of Concordes had been ordered by airlines as the Anglo-French project gathered speed – including US airlines such as Pan Am and. Concorde: The Rise and Fall of the Supersonic Airliner [Jonathan Glancey] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A celebration, as well as a thoroughly researched history, of a truly brilliant machine that became a sky god of its era Jonathan Glancey tells the story of this magnificent and hugely popular aircraft anew.
Concorde’s maiden flight in Toulouse, France, on 2nd March including an interview with Andre Turcat, Chief Test Pilot for the French side of Concorde.
After 10 years of development and 27, people working on the project, it would take another 7 years to put it into commercial service.